Cushioned shoes, or neutral cushioning shoes, are shoes designed for runners with normal to high arches who tend to underpronate. Cushioning shoes generally have a padded midsole with layers of extra cushioning in the heel and forefoot that provide better energy return to the body when compressed while helping absorb heel shock and encouraging a more natural foot motion.
Loafers or penny loafers are low, leather step-in shoes with tops that resemble moccasins, but have broad flat heels. Loafers have no shoelaces or buckles. Penny loafers are made of leather and are often worn for formal occasions.